In a related development, earlier this month First Mode and Western Washington University announced they had secured a contract from NASA to develop geological-research technology that will help advance scientific understanding of Mars surface and its history as NASA prepares for its Mars 2020 Rover mission.
The automated technology being developed as part of that contract, called a goniometer, will make possible extremely accurate 3D measurements of rock samples at different angles. The work is being funded by NASA’s Planetary Science Division and the resulting technology, including the goniometer design and software, will be released publicly.
While the treatment plant on the Skagit is standing its ground, that approach won’t work everywhere.
One river to the south, Katrina Poppe and John Rybczyk sledge-hammered a white, meter-long tube of plastic into the mud.
Rybczyk sported mud boots and shorts; Poppe, hip waders. Both were surrounded by sedges, rushes and other marsh plants near the mouth of the Stillaguamish River, just south of Stanwood.
The Western Washington University ecologists have been studying a soggy 150-acre plot with low-tech and high-tech tools.
“We pound it into the sediment, and then you extract it so you can have up to a meter of sediment,” Poppe said of their brute-force method of extracting data from mud. “It shows you the different layers.”
Those layers of sediment tell the story of evolution from marsh to farm to marsh again.
That past includes a pact by Jackson and fellow parishioners George Ledain and Edward Tothill to smuggle slaves illegally from Barbados to Suriname, according to Jared Ross Hardesty, the former BC doctoral student who now teaches history at Western Washington University.
What made the trip illegal was a prohibition on British subjects from trading outside the British Empire. Meanwhile, the Dutch West India Company held a monopoly on all slave trading in Suriname.
Jackson, Ledain, and Tothill — who was working in Suriname as a shipping agent — all donated to erect Old North’s steeple, which has since been replaced by a close replica. The largest contribution for the bells came from Gedney Clarke, a Salem native who had moved to Barbados, masterminded the voyage to Suriname, and eventually became fabulously wealthy.
A commemorative sign in Old North’s pew 13 (above), which is where Newark Jackson sat during services, will be replaced with updated findings about the slave trader.LANE TURNER/GLOBE STAFF/GLOBE STAFF
Centuries after the voyage, the long-forgotten details of their enterprise surfaced serendipitously.
Ayres reached out to Hardesty after reading “Unfreedom,” his 2016 book on Boston and slavery in which Jackson was mentioned. Hardesty was asked by Ayres to do more research, which was funded by grants from the Mars Foundation and the National Park Service. During that work, Hardesty found a treasure trove of Dutch colonial records about three mutineers of mixed race who murdered Jackson and Ledain shortly after leaving Suriname.
As for why people get into the non-chain restaurant business, passion for food and delivering a great experience are the most common responses I get when interviewing new owners. That’s also the kind of comments CJ Seitz hears. She’s the director at Western Washington University’s Small Business Development Center, which gets plenty of clients in that sector.
In her years of advising people about opening a restaurant, she can’t recall one listing “making money” as the top reason they want to do it. The development center helps new owners understand the financial realities, particularly keeping expenses in check.
The New York Times asked readers about their college experience and what they wish they had known sooner both inside and outside the classroom. It heard from hundreds of students and former students across the country and in Canada. The answers have been edited and condensed.
Grace deMeurisse, Bellingham, Washington; Western Washington University
I wish I had known how to separate my learning from my grades. My educational experience became profoundly better and more enriched when I learned how to start learning for the sake of learning, and not for the sake of monotonously turning in an assignment for the grade I would get in return.
The year is 2019, the place is the United States, and a black man walks into a foundry wanting to cast some bronze grenades.
This is how the American artist Ed Bereal, 82, recaps preparing for his first retrospective at the Whatcom Museum here.
Creating new work for his politically charged exhibition “WANTED: Ed Bereal for Disturbing the Peace” raised some eyebrows in this predominantly white coastal city 20 miles from Canada.
There was the foundry, Mr. Bereal said, where the staff was hesitant to serve him until a friend who happened to come in vouched for Mr. Bereal’s artistic intentions. And that was before Mr. Bereal had explained that the grenades would stand in as testicles in an installation about the apocalypse.
Ms. Leach said that Mr. Bereal is well known outside of Bellingham — perhaps most so for when he was living and working in Los Angeles, a time that included his assemblage pieces using bones, pipes and Nazi imagery; the 1961 exhibition “War Babies”; and the radical activist performance troupe the Bodacious Buggerilla, which performed in places that included laundromats and Richard Pryor concerts.
In Bellingham, however, people primarily know him as a retired Western Washington University art professor. In 1993, Mr. Bereal and his wife, the artist Barbara Sternberger, moved to Bellingham. They live on a farm with an art studio in Whatcom County.
But exactly how orcas go about foraging for their dwindling food source has long been a mystery. Without fully appreciating what enables them to hunt effectively, scientists say we may miss opportunities for effective solutions.
“By missing the complete picture, we fail to make important connections that can have huge implications for conservation,” says Dr. Jennifer Tennessen, a postdoctoral scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Northwest Fisheries Science Center and a research associate in the Western Washington University Biology Department.
Column by Yeon Jung Yu, an Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the Western Washington University
Despite a Canadian dollar that’s remained weak for several years, a new report shows shoppers from British Columbia continue to play an important role in Whatcom’s retail sector.
Last month Western Washington University students working for the Border Policy Research Institute dropped by the retail parking lots in Whatcom, Skagit and Snohomish counties, checking to see what percentage of the vehicle license plates were Canadian.
The height of this snow cap has been decreasing and, as a result, the net altitude of Everest is changing, said environmental scientist John All of Western Washington University.